What is vocabulary?
- It is the knowledge of words and their meanings.
Vocabulary instruction involves much more than looking the words up in the dictionary and using the words in a sentence.
Four components of an Effective Vocabulary Program
- Extensive independent reading to help expand world knowledge
- Specific word instruction to help improve understanding of texts containing those words
- Instruction in independent word-learning strategies
- Word-consciousness and word-play activities to motivate and enrich learning
Today I would like to introduce Components 2-4 and what I will be writing about in my upcoming posts called "Vocabulary Matters: Strategies that Work"
I will be referring to a book entitled "Vocabulary Handbook" written by Linda Diamond and Linda Gutlohn. I was very fortunate to have taken several workshops from Linda Diamond and it truly changed the way I approached teaching vocabulary. I hope you will take this journey with me and find some great ideas and strategies to try with your students. Today is an introduction to what I will sharing with you in the coming weeks. I hope to give you research-based knowledge, practical applications and sample activities to improve vocabulary instruction. It will include:
Word learning Strategies
- Dictionary use
- Morphemic analysis- figuring out a word's meaning by analyzing it's meaningful parts: morphemes (root words, prefixes, suffixes)
- Contextual analysis- figuring out the meaning of an unknown word by looking closely at the text surrounding the word.
Along with word learning strategies there will be information to help:
- Cultivate word consciousness- getting our students to become aware of and interested in words.
- Give students multiple exposures to words in multiple contexts
- Restructure strategies- making sure that students fully understand the instructional task.
- Foster incidental vocabulary learning- through engagement in rich oral language experiences, listening to books during read alouds and reading widely on their own.
You can download a copy of Part I by clicking on the image at the top of the post. I hope you will let me know if this is helpful for you.
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Thanks for all you do to make a difference for your students.
How much time do you spend each day on vocabulary instruction?